Grand China Travel

Karez Wells

Karez Irrigation System: General Introduction



Karez Irrigation System is one of the three important irrigation projects in ancient China. (The other two refers to LingCanal in Guilin and Dujiangyan Irrigation System in Sichuan.) Owning to the dry weather in Turpan, water has always been the rarest resource here. In order to relieve the aridity, the intelligent and talented ancestors in Xinjiang created the Karez Irrigation System. At present, there are over 400 Karez systems in Turpan. They are the life resource of this oasis.



The Karez Irrigation System is comprised of four parts: vertical wells, underground canals, above-ground canals and small reservoirs. The lengths of Karez differ according to the landforms. The longest one can reach to 20, 000 meters, while the shortest one is only about 100 meters.


In Turpan, the oldest Karez is located in Zhuangzi Village, QiatekaleTown. This Karez system is 3.5km long and has been used for almost 500 years. The most famous one should be Miyimu Aji Karez, which is the major component of Karez Paradise.



Karez Paradise Travel Tips:

Admission Fee: CNY40

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